Saturday, December 13, 2008

Pregnancy Symptoms

It is always useful to know some symptoms of the pregnancy which could appear in most cases:
• Missed period,
• Changes in you appetite,

• Altered sense of taste,

• Fatigue,
• Frequent urination,
• Morning sickness (vomiting in the morning),

• Tender breasts and darkening of your areolas,

• Implantation bleeding and/or cramping,

• Increased vaginal discharges (sometimes),
• Other unusual feelings like sleepiness, restlessness, irritability, etc.
Read more about pregnancy and other situations very similar to pregnancy.


Lactation is a normal physiological situation for pregnant and breastfeeding women. But can women have lactation without pregnancy? What to do if girls and women who never were pregnant are suffering from lactation? How and why a virgin girl can have lactation? Unfortunately it is the symptom of stress or pathological situation called "hyperprolactinemia". Prolactin is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland, which lies under the brain in the skull. Increased levels of prolactin will occur for several reasons. They occur naturally in pregnancy and lactation but will also be raised in stress. This hormone stimulates lactation in women and its presence in concentrations higher than normal in non-lactating women is termed as "hyperprolactinemia". Excess of the hormone prolactin can also lead to metabolic imbalances. What are the causes of hyperprolactinemia? What are the other symptoms? Read more ...


Amenorrhea is the absence of periods (menstrual bleeding) for more than 6 months. Absence of periods during 2-6 months called oligomenorrhea. Amenorrhea could be primary or secondary: • Primary amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual bleeding and secondary sexual characteristics (for example, breast development and pubic hair) in a girl by age 14 years or the absence of menstrual bleeding with normal development of secondary sexual characteristics in a girl by age 16-17 years. • Secondary amenorrhea is the absence of periods in girls and women who had been menstruating but later stop menstruating for 6 or more months in the absence of pregnancy, menopause, hormonal treatment and/or hormonal contraception. Amenorrhea can result because of an abnormality in the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis which could be functional or anatomical. Read more about amenorrhea

Tuesday, December 9, 2008

Smoking and Contraception

Smoking cigarettes while taking birth control pills dramatically increases risks of heart attack for women over 35. Smoking is far more dangerous to a woman's health than taking birth control pills, but the combination of oral contraceptive pill use and smoking has a greater effect on heart attack risk than the simple addition of the two factors. Smoking cigarettes while taking birth control pills increases a woman's risk of having an ischemic stroke (three times more likely in pill users than in nonusers) or a hemorrhagic stroke (three to four times that of nonusers), according to a large World Health Organization (WHO) study. Read more