Saturday, December 13, 2008

Pregnancy Symptoms

It is always useful to know some symptoms of the pregnancy which could appear in most cases:
• Missed period,
• Changes in you appetite,

• Altered sense of taste,

• Fatigue,
• Frequent urination,
• Morning sickness (vomiting in the morning),

• Tender breasts and darkening of your areolas,

• Implantation bleeding and/or cramping,

• Increased vaginal discharges (sometimes),
• Other unusual feelings like sleepiness, restlessness, irritability, etc.
Read more about pregnancy and other situations very similar to pregnancy.


Lactation is a normal physiological situation for pregnant and breastfeeding women. But can women have lactation without pregnancy? What to do if girls and women who never were pregnant are suffering from lactation? How and why a virgin girl can have lactation? Unfortunately it is the symptom of stress or pathological situation called "hyperprolactinemia". Prolactin is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland, which lies under the brain in the skull. Increased levels of prolactin will occur for several reasons. They occur naturally in pregnancy and lactation but will also be raised in stress. This hormone stimulates lactation in women and its presence in concentrations higher than normal in non-lactating women is termed as "hyperprolactinemia". Excess of the hormone prolactin can also lead to metabolic imbalances. What are the causes of hyperprolactinemia? What are the other symptoms? Read more ...


Amenorrhea is the absence of periods (menstrual bleeding) for more than 6 months. Absence of periods during 2-6 months called oligomenorrhea. Amenorrhea could be primary or secondary: • Primary amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual bleeding and secondary sexual characteristics (for example, breast development and pubic hair) in a girl by age 14 years or the absence of menstrual bleeding with normal development of secondary sexual characteristics in a girl by age 16-17 years. • Secondary amenorrhea is the absence of periods in girls and women who had been menstruating but later stop menstruating for 6 or more months in the absence of pregnancy, menopause, hormonal treatment and/or hormonal contraception. Amenorrhea can result because of an abnormality in the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis which could be functional or anatomical. Read more about amenorrhea

Tuesday, December 9, 2008

Smoking and Contraception

Smoking cigarettes while taking birth control pills dramatically increases risks of heart attack for women over 35. Smoking is far more dangerous to a woman's health than taking birth control pills, but the combination of oral contraceptive pill use and smoking has a greater effect on heart attack risk than the simple addition of the two factors. Smoking cigarettes while taking birth control pills increases a woman's risk of having an ischemic stroke (three times more likely in pill users than in nonusers) or a hemorrhagic stroke (three to four times that of nonusers), according to a large World Health Organization (WHO) study. Read more

Friday, November 28, 2008

Hair Removal

Girls want to be beautiful, sexy and confident especially during puberty period. Beautiful skin is important component of female beauty. But sometimes skin problems like intensive hair grow create problems. During puberty girls are too sensitive to any new growing hair on their face, body, legs. What to do if you noticed excessive and increased hair growth in locations where the occurrence of terminal hair normally should be minimal or absent. What you should know about hair removal? What are most effective and modern methodologies for hair removal? Is it just a cosmetic procedure or it should be medically supported?
Discover more.

Thursday, November 27, 2008

Hair Grow

What is normal hair grow for women and what is hirsutism? What is considered normal for a woman and what is considered hirsute depends on factors such as culture and race. The extent of normal hair growth varies between individuals, families and races, being more extensive in the Mediterranean and some Asian subcontinent populations. History knows several cases of excess hair grow in pretty famous women. Visiting art galleries you can see portraits of women from 15-18 centuries who were well known because of their hirsutism. For example, famous Spanish painter Jusepe de Ribera in 1631 AD introduced his painting “Magdalena Ventura with Her Husband and Son” which clearly demonstrated Magdalena’s excess hair grow (hirsutism) but fortunately her reproduction system was not damaged and she delivered a son and she was able to breastfeed her child.
Read more about hair grow in women.

Normal Weight

Very often girls and women are asking questions about their weight. Are they OK or they need to loose some kilograms. How to know the correct weight? How to be healthy, beautiful and sexy? Is there any correlation between weight and menstrual cycle? Young girls dream about having bodies which are comparable with famous models, permanently thinking about normal weight, fitness, weight control, diet, food calories, overweight, obesity and weight watch. First, it is important to highlight that “normal weight” understanding can be different for people of different nationalities, generations, professions, centuries, believes, etc. But at the same time there is a “normal weight” which is recognized by traditional medicine which is an indicator for measuring health and illness. This indicator called Body Mass Index (BMI). Body mass index is a measure of body fat based on height and weight. Read more

Menstrual Calendar

Once you start your periods, you need to know the regularity of yo cycle, when expect next perio, what are pre-menstruation symptoms and on which day they are appearing, etc., etc. It is also very important to calculate fertile and not fertile days for prevention of unplanned and unwanted pregnancies. Very often appearance of different symptoms (for example, mood change, breasts sensitivity, menstrual cramps, etc.) depends on the day of menstrual cycle and it is important to know on which day of menstrual cycle symptoms are mentioned. In general it is impossible to remember everything is happening during each menstrual cycle and it is recommended to use menstrual calendar. It is really pretty useful to use menstrual calendar which will help you to control your menstrual cycle and monitor all your feelings related to the menstrual cycle. Here is an example which you can print for yourself.

Monday, November 24, 2008


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome is a complicated endocrine disorder associated with a long-term lack of ovulation (anovulation) and an excess of androgens (male hormones). PCOS affects an estimated 6-10% of all women and most don't even know they have it. Formation of eight or more follicular cysts of 10 mm or smaller in the ovaries is very typical for PCOS. The process related to the anovulation - ovary's failure to release an egg (ovum). The many cysts in a polycystic ovary are follicles that have matured but, due to abnormal hormone levels, were never released. In a normal ovary, a single egg develops and is released each month. PCOS is one of the most frequent causes of infertility. Read more

Monday, November 17, 2008

Menstrual cycle - What is it?

What is menstrual cycle? Why we need it? Why it has starting age and ending age? What is the whole meaning of the menstrual cycle? If you are a teenage girl, you probably have started having a period. If you have not, you might be anxious about the subject or a bit concerned. The whole story about menstrual cycle and menstruation might seem a bit mysterious. In reality it is actually pretty complex but very interesting. Menstruation is the outward proof that a girl is becoming a woman. Having a period means your body is functioning well and properly. But after 50 it will go down.
Read more and understand your body better.

Thursday, November 13, 2008


Often love and sex does not mean that the happy couple is ready and/or wants to have a baby. If you are not ready to have a baby, you should take care of your fertility and ovulation. It is your responsibility to decide if you want pregnancy and baby. Sometimes pregnancy is happening unexpectedly. Sometimes unplanned pregnancies becoming wanted and millions of healthy children were born as a result of unplanned pregnancies. Are you pregnant? What to do? Are you ready? When is the best time for pregnancy?
Read more and discover best period for pregnancy – best age, best time, best period …

Sunday, November 9, 2008


What we know about abortion? The “abortion” is the termination of unwanted pregnancy. It can be spontaneous (also called miscarriage) or induced. Abortion can be induced surgically (e.g., by vacuum aspiration, or dilatation and curettage) or medically (e.g., using an antiprogestogen and/or prostaglandins), safely or unsafely. What we know about unwanted and unplanned pregnancies? Read more about it. The method for inducing abortion will depend upon the duration of the pregnancy, the training and skills of the provider, the facilities available and the preference of the woman. In most cases, the gestation can be determined reliably from the date of the last menstrual period and the findings on pelvic examination. Ultrasound investigation is necessary only when there is clinical doubt about the period of gestation or suspicion of ectopic pregnancy.
Read more about abortion and side effects.

Friday, November 7, 2008

Pelvic Exam

Pelvic exam is an examination that is performed by your doctor or a nurse to make sure that your reproductive organs are healthy. During pelvic exam the following reproductive organs are usually observed: vagina, cervix, uterus, ovaries and tubes. Main reasons of the Pelvic Exam: 1. Medical staff check if your pelvic organs (vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries) are normal and healthy; 2. They can detect infections (STIs) that can cause vaginal discharge, pelvic pain or infertility. If you have one of these infections, a regular pelvic exam can help make sure that it’s detected early, so you can get treatment before any serious damage is done; 3. One of very important reasons for Pelvic Exam is “Pap” test that can detect early stages of some types of cancers. Spotting these early signs of cancer could even save your life.
Read more about Pelvic Exam

Pap smear

“Pap test” and “Pap smear” are the same thing – it is a test that involves collecting cells from cervix and then looking at them through a microscope to make sure they are normal and healthy. It is sometimes called a “smear” because the cells from the cervix are “smeared” onto a microscope slide. Pelvic Exam is a little different – it refers to the entire exam of your reproductive organs, part of which is the collection of cells for the Pap test. Some people think that a Pap test is a screening test for all sexually transmitted diseases, this is not true. But during Pelvic Exam doctor or nurse can take additional tests for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You also can request STI tests if you have any concerns and/or doubts. It is a right time to ask for HIV test also (if needed). For “Pap smear” cells should be taken and/or "smeared" from the cervix and examined under the special microscope to detect diseases or other problems. Read more


PMS stands for Premenstrual Syndrome. Many women have PMS and sometimes it is becoming a family problem. PMS correlates with increased concentration and/or disbalance of some hormones. PMS is a disorder characterized by a set of hormonal changes that trigger disruptive symptoms in a significant number of girls and women for up to two weeks before menstruation. PMS is a group of symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle. PMS symptoms occur in the week or two weeks before your period. The symptoms usually go away after period starts. PMS can affect menstruating women of any age. It is also different for each woman. PMS may be just a monthly bother or it may be so severe that it makes it hard to even get through the day. In most cases the PMS disappear with menstruation and during 2 weeks (after period) the person feels absolutely healthy.
Read more about PMS symptoms.

Monday, October 27, 2008

Immunization against cancer

The cervical cancer vaccine is recommended for girls ages 11 to 12, although it may be used in girls as young as age 9. This allows a girl's immune system to be activated before she's likely to encounter HPV. Vaccinating at this age also allows for the highest antibody levels. The higher the antibody levels, the greater the protection. The vaccine is given as a series of three injections over a six-month period. The second dose is given two months after the first dose, followed four months later by the third dose. Experts at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend a catch-up immunization for girls and women ages 13 to 26 who haven't been vaccinated or who haven't completed the full vaccine series. By vaccinating this catch-up group, as well as the younger girls, we'll see the positive effects of the cervical cancer vaccine that much sooner.
Read more

Wednesday, October 22, 2008

Breasts and Coffee

Drinking more than three cups of coffee a day can apparently reduce the size of women's breasts. But it also reduces the risk of cancer, researchers say. Swedish oncologist Dr Helena Jernstroem said a gene - which half of women have - could react and cause them to a drop a bra size. But she added: "Coffee-drinking women do not have to worry their breasts will shrink to nothing overnight. They will get smaller but the breasts aren't just going to disappear".
Read more

Saturday, October 18, 2008

Breast Exam

It is very important to know that regular breast self-exam can help you know how your breasts normally feel and look, so you can notice any changes. Most breast changes or lumps can be discovered very early and many of them are not cancerous. Breast self-exam can also discover early stages of breast cancer. If breast cancer is found early, you can have more treatment choices and a better chances of recovery. So, it is very important to find breast cancer at early stages - as early as possible.
Read more why, how often and how the breast self-exam should be done.

Friday, October 17, 2008


What is Menopause? When I should expect menopause? Menopause is the period of women life when menstrual cycles are stopped and women don’t have periods anymore. In general menopause could come at 50-55 but sometimes women could have early or late menopause. At menopause age women’s ovaries are not producing eggs anymore, levels of female hormones decreasing and as a consequence – women are not having periods anymore. If woman after 48-50 did not have menstruation (period) during one year – it means she is entering to the menopause period.
Read more about 35 symptoms of menopause.

Thursday, October 16, 2008

Ectopic Pregnancy

The ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg attaches itself outside the cavity of the uterus. In most cases the ectopic pregnancies are found in the Fallopian tubes. The ectopic pregnancy is not usually surviving and in most cases an embryo is not developed. Usually the ectopic pregnancy is interrupting the development at certain period (kind of miscarriage). The majority of women with ectopic pregnancy should be operated or treated with medication.
Read more about all symptoms of ectopic pregnancy.

Pregnancy Test

What to do if you missed your period and plus you discovered some pregnancy symptoms like changes in your appetite, frequent urination, morning sickness, tender breasts, increased vaginal discharges and some other unusual feelings? You definitely need to prove that you are really pregnant or you need the confirmation for absence of the pregnancy. If you cannot go to your doctor yet, you could make your own home pregnancy test. Home kits as well as laboratory urine tests can give instant results. If you opted for these tests but remain doubtful, you could go to a clinic and have the test done by a health care practitioner.
Read more about home pregnancy tests.

Wednesday, October 15, 2008


HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes AIDS. This virus may be passed from one person to another when infected blood, semen, or vaginal secretions come in contact with an uninfected person’s broken skin or mucous membranes. In addition, infected pregnant women can pass HIV to their baby during pregnancy or delivery, as well as through breast-feeding. People with HIV have what is called HIV infection. Some of these people will develop AIDS as a result of their HIV infection. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.
Read more about HIV and AIDS.


What is STD? STD or STDs are sexually transmitted diseases which you can easily catch during unprotected sex. Sometimes they called STIs – sexually transmitted infections. Sometimes they called Venereal disease. The causes of STDs are bacteria, parasites and viruses. There are more than 20 types of STDs, including Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Herpes Simplex, HIV/AIDS, HPV, Syphilis, Trichomoniasis, Genital warts, Genital herpes, Pubic lice, Scabies, Thrush and Hepatitis.
Discover more about STDs.

Best Contraception

There is no best contraception for everybody but there is the best contraception strategy for everybody. It is Dual Contraception. What is it? It is simultaneous use of modern effective contraception by both partners which could be an ideal way to prevent both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections and diseases. Safe dual protection means mutual monogamy between healthy non-infected partners who chose to use modern effective contraception.
Read more about dual contraception.


All young girls are dreaming about perfect body, following famous models. Sometimes it is ending very badly. Anorexia is an example how healthy girls can become extremely sick just trying to be “perfect”. What is anorexia? It is an eating disorder where people starve themselves. Anorexia usually begins in young people during puberty. Individuals suffering from anorexia have extreme weight loss. Weight loss is usually 10%-20% below the person's normal body weight. People suffering from anorexia are very skinny but are convinced that they are overweight.
Read how anorexic girls are suffering.


You can call it period or menstruation, but it is the same thing. What is it? Menstruation is the shedding of the lining of the uterus (endometrium) accompanied by bleeding. It occurs every month at the end of your menstrual cycle. Menstruation is coming very regularly throughout a woman's reproductive life, except during pregnancy and during some diseases and treatments. Periods usually starts during puberty (at menarche) and stops permanently at menopause.
Read more about periods.

Breast Development

Young girls are often concerned about their breast development. They are usually very impatient and always wish to have bigger breasts. But it is important to know that all girls in puberty are passing five stages of breast development which is crucial for future breast development.
Read more about puberty breast development stages.


What is ovulation? How it is happening? Is it happening every month? Every month female ovaries begin to ripen several follicles, which is why days 1–14 are called the follicular phase. The number of active follicles changes with each cycle, but typically only one follicle per month in a single ovary becomes dominant over the others and produces a viable egg just before mid-cycle. This egg is actually ready for fertilization and future pregnancy.
Read all details about ovulation and ovulation days.

Fertile Days

If you don’t want to use any contraception for any reasons, what can you do to prevent unplanned and unwanted pregnancies? Is there any solution? Yes, if you would know very well the following: • your ovulation day; • your fertile and not fertile days; • women are fertile for about 24–48 hours around the time of ovulation (before and after ovulation); • sperm may be able to survive between six and seven days - if consider the most ideal conditions (ideal vaginal/uterine environments, fertile eggs, strong healthy sperm, etc).
Read more about your fertile days.

Depo Provera

Depo Provera is hormonal contraception – contraceptive injection. It contains a progestogen hormone which slowly releases into the body. Effectiveness is about 97-99%. Works by preventing ovulation and by causing a plug of mucus in the cervix that blocks sperm, and by thinning the lining of the uterus. The injection is needed every 8-12 weeks.
Read more about advantages and disadvantages.


IUD is an intrauterine device which is a safe and effective method of reversible contraception. IUDs are small flexible devices made of metal and/or plastic; they may be inert, or may release copper or hormone. Any IUD prevents pregnancy by a combination of mechanisms of action, including: - Inhibition of sperm migration in the upper female genital tract; - Inhibition of ovum transport; - Inhibition of fertilization; - The levonorgestrel-releasing IUD, in addition to the above, causes changes in the amount and viscosity of the cervical mucus, inhibiting sperm penetration.
Read more about advantages and disadvantages of IUDs.

Tuesday, October 14, 2008

Plan B

What is Plan B? Sometimes it is called Emergency Contraception, Sometimes it is called Morning After Pills. What is it? – It is kind of contraception which can be used as an emergency procedure to prevent unwanted pregnancy which could happen after unprotected sexual intercourse. Plan B can be used in following cases: - when no contraceptive has been used, - when contraceptive methods failed (missed pills, condom rupture, diaphragm dislodgement, etc.), - when girl or woman has been a victim of the sexual attack (abuse).
Read more and learn how to use Plan B.

Wednesday, October 8, 2008

Pads and other menstrual hygienic products

What to prepare and what to use during menstruation. For making decision which kind of menstrual product to use during your period, first, you should know what is available. It can be a confusing task because they are so many choices on the market. How can you know which is the best for you and your lifestyle? - Sanitary Pads? Tampons? Cloth Menstrual Pads? Sea Sponge? Menstrual Cups?
Read more about available menstrual hygienic products and how to choose the right one for you.

Toxic Shock Syndrome, TSS

Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) was discovered in XX century in some women who during menstruation used old models of tampons (first tampon experiences). News appeared in public news in 1980s. Since then manufacturers changed dramatically the tampon production and the number of cases of TSS has dropped significantly. Other causes for toxic shock syndrome include the use of contraceptive diaphragms and vaginal sponges during menstruation.
Read TSS symptoms and how prevent the possibility of TSS.


Tampons are one of menstrual products, like pads, and they are used to absorb menstrual flow. It is a soft cotton product - pressed together to form a cylinder-like shape, so that tampons can be easily inserted into the opening of the vagina. Each tampon absorbs the menstrual flow, or blood during limited period and the absorbed tampon should be taken off from the vagina in time (maximum after 8 hours). Tampons produced in different sizes and absorbencies. Each person should select tampon sizes according to the size of vagina and volume of menstrual or blood flow. You can find tampons in most convenience stores or supermarkets.
Read and see how insert tampon correctly

Tuesday, October 7, 2008

Irregular Periods

There are several reasons and factors which can be responsible for irregular periods. Some most often factors you can find below:
* hormonal disturbances (PCOS, anovulation);

* stress;

* significant change in body weight (weight loss or weight gain);

* extensive physical exercises (championships, Olympics);

* poor nutrition and wrong diets;

* eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia).
some drugs;
* intensive smoking; …………
Read more about irregular periods.

Missed Pills

The effectiveness of different brands of birth control pills is fluctuating between 95% - 99% (if correctly used!). It is very important to highlight that you should take 1 pill every day at the same time until the packet is finished; you should not interrupt taking the pills before a packet is finished, even if you does not have sexual intercourse. If you bought the 28-pill packet, you should start a new packet without a break the day after you finish the previous packet. If you have the 21-pill packet, you should skip 7 days before starting a new packet. If the pills are taken correctly, you will always start a new packet on the same day of the week. It is very important to emphasize the importance of not forgetting any pill. If you miss one or more hormonal pills, you may have some spotting or breakthrough bleeding and, more importantly, you will be at a greater risk of becoming pregnant. The greatest risk is when you miss hormonal pills at the beginning or at the end of the cycle, because that is equivalent to prolonging the interval during which you do not take hormonal pills.
Read more about what to do if you missed one or few pill

Thursday, October 2, 2008


In general pills are very popular. Often pills called also “birth control pills” and/or “combined pills” and/or “combined oral contraceptives (COC)”. The effectiveness of different brands is fluctuating between 95% - 99% (if correctly used!). Combined pills contain estrogens and progesterone (or similar gestagens). The contraceptive effect of COCs is mainly due to inhibition of ovulation; they also cause thickening of the cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to pass into the uterine cavity and move towards the fallopian tubes. The receptivity of the uterus (endometrium) to the fertilized eggs is also reduced. It is very important to mention that different brands suit different persons.

Pills are available in packets of:
21 pills, where 1 pill containing the oestrogen/progestogen combination is taken every day for 21
days, then a break from pill-taking occurs for 7 days before starting a new packet; and

28 pills, where 1 pill containing the oestrogen/progestogen combination is taken every day for 21
days then, instead of a break, 7 placebo or iron pills are taken as the other pills in each packet to
complete a full 28-day cycle.

Read more about birth control pills

Hormonal Contraceptin

There is only one kind of contraception which can prevent pregnancy and control your menstrual cycle. It is hormonal contraception. There are several kinds of hormonal contraception:

1. Combined oral contraception,
2. Progestogen-only pills,
3. Progestogen-only injectable contraception,
4. Combined injectable contraception,
5. Subdermal implants.

The main mechanism of hormonal contraception based on blockade of the ovulation.
No ovulation – no pregnancy.

If you are ready and if you already decided to start your sexual life – better visit your doctor for selection of the most convenient contraception for you. In general all girls and women can use hormonal contraception but sometimes you could have contraindications.
Please read instructions very careful.

Monday, September 29, 2008

Female Condom

The female condom is made of soft pliable polyurethane pre-lubricated with a silicone-based substance (dimethicone). It is inserted into the vagina before sexual intercourse. An inner ring is used for insertion and holds the condom in place high in vagina; an outer ring lies flat and covers the labia during sexual intercourse. After ejaculation, the female condom retains the seminal fluid, preventing it from coming into contact with the cervix.
Discover more about female condoms.

Male condom

This condom is a sheath made to fit over the erect penis. It collects semen and acts as a barrier preventing passage of sperm into the vagina. The condom is available rolled in individual packets, and is unrolled onto the erect penis before intercourse.Most condoms are made of thin latex rubber.When used correctly at every act of intercourse, the condom can be a reasonably effective method of contraception. The latex condom is also an effective barrier to protect against the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including transmission of HIV/AIDS. To insure full effectiveness of the condom, it is necessary to use condom correctly.
Read detailed instructions
"How to wear condom correctly".

Missed period

Missed period can be an alarm for pregnancy but missed menstruation not always means pregnancy. Your cycle could be missed if you had a stress (sometimes exams, meek love or fight with loved ones, family arguments, conflicts with friends), if you are sick (flue, some infection diseases, diabetes, endocrine diseases), if you dramatically loose or gain a weight (anorexia, obesity), if you have some hormonal disturbances in your reproductive system, etc.
There are several reasons why your period could be late.

Read more ...

Friday, September 26, 2008

Modern contraception

Do you know everything about modern contraception? Many people think they know everything about contraception but unfortunately very little number of people know correct information about positive and negative side effects of different contraceptives.

Do you know that when no contraception is used, more than 80 in 100 sexually active women become pregnant within 1 year. It means the possibility of the pregnancy in women who have regular sexual relations is only 80%.

Do you know that no method of contraception is absolutely 100% reliable? The reliability for each method is given in percentages. For example, the contraceptive injection is more than 99% effective. This means that less than 1 woman in 100 will become pregnant each year using this method of contraception.

Do you know that the effectiveness of some methods depends on how you use them. You have to use them properly, or they may lose their effect. For example, different pills can be effective up to 99% if taken correctly (according to instruction). If you missed a pills, then it becomes less effective.

Some contraception methods depend not so much on user and need to be renewed only infrequently or never. These methods are injections, implants, IUDs and sterilization.

Discover everything about modern contraception.

Thursday, July 10, 2008

Vaginal Discharge

Vaginal discharge is the result of secretions produced from small glands in the lining of the vagina and the cervix. All women have a little discharge starting a year or two before puberty and ending after the menopause. How much discharge a woman notices changes from time to time and it will change quite a lot between periods. Different persons can have different volume of “normal” discharge depending on age, cycle periods, hormonal balance and sexual activities.

What is normal discharge?
The amount of discharge varies from girls to girls and from woman to woman. Different persons have different opinions of what is normal. But if it always involves using panty shields, or changing protection or underwear several times a day, then it is probably heavier than normal.
The amount of discharge is often influenced by hormonal changes in the woman's body. The week before a period, being pregnant or using the oral contraceptive pills are all typically associated with an increase in vaginal discharge. A normal physiological discharge is usually clear and/or transparent, creamy and/or very slightly yellow.

When to be worried?

- If you noticed sudden increase of the amount of discharge;

- If you noticed changes of color of discharge (“unusual color”) - from yellow-whitish to brownish, reddish or greenish;

- If you noticed unusual smell of your discharge.

Read more about different types of discharge and self evaluation.


Acne is a very common condition of the skin that most young people get in early puberty. It is caused by inflammation of the small oil glands (sebaceous glands) that surround the fine hairs on the face and chest. Acne are appearing because of the hormonal changes that come with puberty. In general, for most people acne disappear almost completely by the time they are out of their teens.

Hormonal changes related to pregnancy (different trimesters) or menstrual periods (follicular or luteal phases) can also cause or contribute to acne. In most cases number of acne is reduced during so called follicular period of the cycle.

Special attention should be paid to the environmental irritants such as pollution, intense heat, humidity or cold.

If you wish to prevent acne – better follow recommendations made by professionals.

Wednesday, July 9, 2008

When Expect First Period?

In general, the puberty and the menstrual cycle are genetically and hormonally determined and different girls can have different development. In different countries periods are starting at 11 -17 (depending on physical development, hormones, genetics, country location, etc). It is very personal and pre-menstrual "signals" (strange discharges, breast tense, abdomen pain, etc.) can come 1-2 days or 2-3 months or 11-12 months in advance. Some girls don’t have any pre-menstruation "signals". It depends how sensitive are you and how fast your hormones will jump up. Just don't be stressed because stress itself could make a delay. Everything has it’s time. If you would not have your cycle up to 17 – better visit your doctor.

First period usually occurs about two years after your breasts develop and between 4 and 6 months after the growth of your pubic and underarm hair.

Discover when expect your first period.

Puberty Development

There are many variations of puberty and the timing of puberty in girls can vary considerably. Sometimes girls can already feel changes as early as 8 years of age. At the same time other girls of the similar age do not begin their adolescent development until age 13. In average girls usually take 3 to 3 ½ years to complete their pubertal development, but this process could take from 2 to 6 years to complete.

Puberty includes the complex of physical and emotional changes. Mood swings, easy anger and loss of emotional control are common. The emotional turbulence may last longer than the time span of physical development. Puberty is pretty stressful period of the life. It is time of hormonal storms, it is time for body changes and it is time for first love.

In general girls are very sensitive to breast development which is very important for their social life and confidence. Breast development stages for healthy girls were developed by famous Dr Tanner many years ago. Healthy girls usually are passing 5 stages in breast development. Knowledge about breast development is very important for teenagers and their parents.

Tuesday, July 8, 2008


Very often safe sex is advertised by TV, health institutions, different youth associations and international agencies. Why it is so important? Because in XXI century sexually active population need protection not only from unplanned and unwanted pregnancies but also from sexually transmitted infections (especially from HIV). Dual protection can be a solution.

What is dual protection?

It is simultaneous use of modern effective contraception by both partners which could be an ideal way to prevent both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections and diseases.

Safe dual protection means mutual monogamy between healthy non-infected partners who chose to use modern effective contraception. Read more how insure dual protection.


To be able to survive in this world girls and young women need a comprehensive knowledge about their body, sexuality, menstrual cycle, contraception, family planning, counselling, fertility, abortion, safe sex as well as about women rights and reproductive rights.